Granite

Popular since the early 1900s, granite countertops have been a popular presence in homes when prices for the natural stone became more affordable. Granite is one of the most popular choices amongst homeowners.  Whether its kitchen countertops, bathroom countertops to outdoor surfaces, these natural stone countertops can be found in a variety of colors and styles, and are made of one of the most durable materials you can have in your home. Granite countertops are heat resistant, scratch resistant, stain resistant and are low maintenance. All you will need to do is clean, re-apply a sealant around once every year and polish to keep the surfaces in good shape.

ORIGIN OF GRANITE

First recorded in 1640–50, granite is from the Italian word granito grainy.

Quartz

A silicon dioxide mineral that occurs in colorless and transparent or colored hex- agonal crystals or in crystalline masses. One of the hardest minerals of abundance in stones such as sandstone, granite, and quartzite.

ORIGIN OF QUARTZ

First recorded in 1750–60, quartz is from the German word Quarz

Marble

A crystalline rock, capable of taking a polish, and composed of one or more of the minerals calcite, dolomite, and serpentine.

ORIGIN OF MARBLE

1150–1200; Middle English marbel, dissimilated variant of Old English marmel (in marmelstān marble stone) < Latin marmor < Greek mármaros, akin to marmaírein to sparkle

Quartzite

A dense, hard metamorphic quartz based stone typically formed from sandstone. In some deposits, intrusion of minerals during the formation process creates un- usual coloration.

ORIGIN OF QUARTZITE

First recorded in 1840–50 Quartz + Ite

Dolomite

  1.  The mineral form of calcium- magnesium carbonate. Constituent of some building limestones.

  2. A crystalline variety of limestone containing in excess of 40 percent magnesium carbonate as the dolomite molecule.

  3. Also called “dolostone”.

Soap Stone

A talc-rich stone with a “soapy” feel, used for hearths, tabletops, chemical-resistant laboratory tops, stove facings, and clad- ding; known for its heat, chemical, and stain resistant properties.

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